Why Were the Jews Expelled From England in 1290?

The Edict of Expulsion issued by King Edward I on July 18, 1290 is one of the most — if not the most — significant events in Anglo-Jewish history as well as a tremendously important event in English history more generally. The exact reasons behind the decree, which was only reversed in 1657 by Oliver Cromwell, have been the subject of historical debate and the topic is, unsurprisingly, a controversial one.

A depiction of a Jewish house in France being pillaged in the 14th century.
A 14th-century depiction of the pillaging of a Jewish house in France.